TM1637 7-Segment Display

The tm1637 display platform allows you to use the popular TM1637 7-segment display drivers with ESPHome.

../../_images/tm1637-full.jpg

TM1637 7-Segment Display.

The module can be powered with 5v or with 3.3v too. To display the colon punctiation use the . in the colon place. (See clock example below)

# Example configuration entry
display:
    platform: tm1637
    id: tm1637_display
    clk_pin: D6
    dio_pin: D5
    lambda: |-
      it.print("0123");

Configuration variables:

  • clk_pin (Required, Pin Schema): The pin you have the CLK line hooked up to.

  • dio_pin (Required, Pin Schema): The pin you have the DIO line hooked up to.

  • intensity (Optional, integer): The intensity with which the TM1637 should drive the outputs. Range is from 0 (least intense) to 7 (the default).

  • lambda (Optional, lambda): The lambda to use for rendering the content on the TM1637. See Rendering Lambda for more information.

  • update_interval (Optional, Time): The interval to re-draw the screen. Defaults to 1s.

  • id (Optional, ID): Manually specify the ID used for code generation.

Rendering Lambda

The TM1637 has a similar API to the fully fledged Display Rendering Engine, but it’s only a subset as the TM1637 7-segment displays don’t have a concept of individual pixels. In the lambda you’re passed a variable called it as with all other displays. In this case however, it is an TM1637 instance (see API Reference).

The most basic operation with the TM1637 is wiring a simple number to the screen as in the configuration example at the top of this page. But even though you’re passing in a string (here "0123"), ESPHome converts it into a representation that the TM1637 can understand: The exact pixels that should be turned on. And of course, not all characters can be represented. You can see a full list of characters at the MAX7219 docs.

Each of the three methods (print, printf and strftime) all optionally take a position argument at the beginning which can be used to print the text at a specific position. This argument is 0 by default which means the first character of the first TM1637. For example to start the first character of your text at the end of the TM1637, you would write it.print(3, "0");.

Also note that the . (dot) character is special because when ESPHome encounters it in the string the dot segment of the previous position will be enabled.

display:
  - platform: tm1637
    # ...
    lambda: |-
      // Print 0 at position 0 (left)
      it.print("0");
      // Result: "0   "

      // Print 1 at position 1 (second character)
      it.print(1, "1");
      // Result: "01  "

      // Let's write a sensor value (let's assume it's 42.1)
      it.printf(0, "%.1f", id(my_sensor).state);
      // Result: "42.1 " (the dot will appear on the "2" segment)

      // Overwrite the previous content with blank
      it.print("    ");
      // Print a right-padded sensor value with 0 digits after the decimal
      it.printf("S%3.0f", id(my_sensor).state);
      // Result: "S 42"

      // Print the current time
      it.strftime("%H.%M");
      // Result for 10:06:42 -> "10:06" on a display with : and "10.06" on a display with .

Please see Formatted Text for a quick introduction into the printf formatting rules and Displaying Time for an introduction into the strftime time formatting.

Creating a digital clock

The following example creates a typical digital clock with the : colon flashing every second.

time:
  - platform: homeassistant
    id: homeassistant_time

display:
  platform: tm1637
  clk_pin: D6
  dio_pin: D5
  update_interval: 500ms
  lambda: |-
      static int i = 0;
      i++;
      if ((i % 2) == 0)
        it.strftime("%H.%M", id(homeassistant_time).now());
      else
        it.strftime("%H%M", id(homeassistant_time).now());