Resistance Sensor

The resistance platform is a helper sensor that allows you to convert readings from a voltage sensor (such as the ADC Sensor) into resistance readings in Ω (ohm).

In order to calculate the resistance, the circuit needs to be set up in a voltage divider circuit. This consists of three parts:

  • A voltage reference, usually this is connected to 3.3V (VCC). For example in the image below it is 5V (though on ESPs you should not use that voltage)

  • A reference resistor with constant resistance. For example below it is R₁ with a value of 5.6kOhm.

  • The variable resistor we wish the read the resistance of. Here R₂.

There are two kinds of configurations for this circuit: Either the variable resistor is close to GND (DOWNSTREAM) or it is closer to VCC (UPSTREAM).


Example voltage divider configuration of type “DOWNSTREAM” and a voltage reference of 5V.

# Example configuration entry
  - platform: resistance
    sensor: source_sensor
    configuration: DOWNSTREAM
    resistor: 5.6kOhm
    name: Resistance Sensor

# Example source sensor:
  - platform: adc
    id: source_sensor
    pin: A0


Some boards like NodeMCUv2 needs to multiply ADC reading by 3.3 to provide accurate result because they have built-in voltage divider on ADC pin (

# Example source sensor:
  - platform: adc
    id: source_sensor
    pin: A0
      - multiply: 3.3

Configuration variables:

  • name (Required, string): The name for the sensor.

  • sensor (Required, ID): The sensor to read the voltage values from to convert to resistance readings.

  • configuration (Required, string): The type of circuit, one of DOWNSTREAM or UPSTREAM.

  • resistor (Required, float): The value of the resistor with a constant value.

  • reference_voltage (Optional, float): The reference voltage. Defaults to 3.3V.

  • id (Optional, ID): Set the ID of this sensor for use in lambdas.

  • All other options from Sensor.

See Also