The BME280 Temperature+Pressure+Humidity Sensor is a simple temperature, humidity, and pressure sensor with communication over I²C. With some simple math it is possible to either determine the height of the sensor, or the current pressure at sea level. This guide can be applied to any sensor measuring temperature and pressure at the same time, like the BMP280 Temperature+Pressure Sensor, or BME680 Temperature+Pressure+Humidity+Gas Sensor.
The first step is to connect the sensor as described here. After validating the sensor is working, we can proceed and add some formulas.
sensor: - platform: bme280 temperature: name: "BME280 Temperature" id: bme280_temperature pressure: name: "BME280 Pressure" id: bme280_pressure humidity: name: "BME280 Relative Humidity" id: bme280_humidity address: 0x77 update_interval: 15s - platform: template name: "Altitude" lambda: |- const float STANDARD_SEA_LEVEL_PRESSURE = 1013.25; //in hPa, see note return ((id(bme280_temperature).state + 273.15) / 0.0065) * (powf((STANDARD_SEA_LEVEL_PRESSURE / id(bme280_pressure).state), 0.190234) - 1); // in meter update_interval: 15s icon: 'mdi:signal' unit_of_measurement: 'm' - platform: absolute_humidity name: "Absolute Humidity" temperature: bme280_temperature humidity: bme280_humidity - platform: template name: "Dew Point" lambda: |- return (243.5*(log(id(bme280_humidity).state/100)+((17.67*id(bme280_temperature).state)/ (243.5+id(bme280_temperature).state)))/(17.67-log(id(bme280_humidity).state/100)- ((17.67*id(bme280_temperature).state)/(243.5+id(bme280_temperature).state)))); unit_of_measurement: °C icon: 'mdi:thermometer-alert'
Altitude and absolute humidity:¶
The first block
sensor starts with the normal bme280 sensor components
humidity with each their own id.
After the bme280 sensor, a Template Sensor is defined to calculate the altitude in a lambda.
STANDARD_SEA_LEVEL_PRESSURE (in hPa), should be filled in for your location.
The formula derived from here,
converts the currently measured pressure to the altitudes in meters including temperature compensation.
The second block uses the Absolute Humidity component which converts the currently measured temperature and relative humidity to absolute humidity (grams/m^3).
Calculating the altitude with the BME280 sensor accurately requires this value to be known at sea level for your location and day.
This can be achieved by replacing the global constant
STANDARD_SEA_LEVEL_PRESSURE by for example
pulling this value live from the internet or a stationary sensor via MQTT.
Equivalent sea level pressure:¶
Calculating the sea level pressure with a statically mounted sensor can be used as reference for moving sensors as mentioned in the note above.
sensor: - platform: bme280 temperature: name: "BME280 Temperature" id: bme280_temperature pressure: name: "BME280 Pressure" id: bme280_pressure humidity: name: "BME280 Relative Humidity" id: bme280_humidity address: 0x77 update_interval: 15s - platform: template name: "Equivalent sea level pressure" lambda: |- const float STANDARD_ALTITUDE = 0.6; // in meters, see note return id(bme280_pressure).state / powf(1 - ((0.0065 * STANDARD_ALTITUDE) / (id(bme280_temperature).state + (0.0065 * STANDARD_ALTITUDE) + 273.15)), 5.257); // in hPa update_interval: 15s unit_of_measurement: 'hPa'
For calculating the equivalent sea level pressure, the sensor needs to be mounted at a fixed altitude. Therefore it is not possible to calculate altitude at the same time, and vice versa!